DCs Anas Sidahmed and Khashayar Khezri participated in the OSPP Awards

SMILE Doctoral Candidates, Anas Sidahmed, and Khashayar Khezri, participated at the Outstanding Student and PhD candidate Presentation (OSPP) Awards that took place in EGU 2024, celebrated on the week of April, 19th in Vienna. The OSPP seeks to improve the overall quality of poster and PICO (Presenting Interactive COntent) presentations at the General Assemblies and, most importantly, to foster the excitement of early-career students for presenting their work in these formats

Anas Sidahmed presented his research:

How THM Changes in Layered Geological Systems Influence Stability of Fractured Networks that focuses on the modeling of THM coupled processes in heterogeneous layered reservoirs.

Khashayar Khezri presented his reserach:

Investigating the Effect of Fracture Properties on Peclet Number of Enhanced Geothermal Systems  that focuses on the understanding of heat transfer mechanisms in subsurface environments.



Next generation cost-effective monitoring for offshore CO2 storage

Author: Philip Ringrose, NTNU

Event: CO2GeoNet Open Forum, 21-22 May 2024, San Servolo Island, Venice UPSCALING TO GIGATONNES EVERY YEAR - Optimising CCS to meet climate targets

Output type: conference

Description: Operators can point to a long and successful track record of monitoring CO2 stores but these technical achievements do not always ‘connect’ with public concerns about safety. How can we monitor in a way that:- Builds confidence in CCS- Assures stakeholders with concerns about CO2 storage safety

Download presentation

A week of trainings in Barcelona: dissemination and ground-deformation techniques

During the week of the 13th to 17th of May, the SMILE network celebrated a week of trainings at Escola de Camins of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya in Barcelona.

The first training was Professional course III: Producing dissemination short videos I with Katja Schulze and Valentijn Pols from BaselineZ where students learnt how to realize their own geological data visualization through extended reality. The objectives of the course were to present results in a condensed and engaging modern form, interact with other researchers and the public and explore possibilities to add extended reality to educate and inform the public.



The second training was Technical course I: Ground-deformation monitoring techniques: an overview with Andrea Gatti form GReD and Oriol Montserrat from CTTC. The objetives of the course were to provide a global overview of the main techniques used to measure and monitor ground movements includingsatellite-based techniques (both radar and optical), airborne-based procedures (e.g., photogrammetry, LiDAR, etc.), and in situdata acquisition techniques (e.g., topographic techniques, GNSS, geotechnical and geophysical instrumentation, etc.).




SMILE doctoral candidates attended EGU24

Text by Maria C. Ramlie


Greetings from Vienna! We, the passionate minds of the SMILE-MSCA doctoral program, have embarked on an exhilarating journey into the heart of Geoscience at the European Geosciences Union (EGU) 2024 conference. Bursting with excitement, curiosity, and ambition, we find ourselves immersed in a world where every discovery unravels new layers of understanding about our planet.

As doctoral candidates, we stand at the threshold of knowledge, eager to absorb insights from seasoned experts and groundbreaking research presented at EGU 2024. Additionally, we had the privilege of presenting a short PICO (Presenting Interactive Content) session, where we shared our innovative ideas in a concise and interactive format. This session allowed us to showcase our research in a dynamic setting, fostering meaningful discussions and sparking inspiration among our peers.

EGU 2024 is not just a conference; it's a catalyst for growth, a beacon of knowledge. As we stand on the shoulders of giants, we carry with us the hopes, dreams, and aspirations of a new generation of Geoscientists, poised to make our mark on the world. The atmosphere at EGU 2024 filled with the collective energy of minds united by a common passion for Geoscience.

Here's to the thrill of discovery, the joy of learning, and the promise of a brighter future for Geoscience. We bid farewell to Vienna, we take with us memories to cherish, lessons to ponder, and a renewed sense of purpose to continue our quest for understanding in the ever-evolving tapestry of our planet. See you all again in EGU 2025!

Radio interview to Víctor Vilarrasa and Anna Aguiló (Catalan)

Reseacher, Víctor Vilarrasa, and EU Project Manager, Anna Aguiló, were interviewed at radio program Entre la Nit i el Dia of IB3 Radio Station.

Listen the interview (from minute 27:40)


Coupled Processes in CO2 and H2 Storage: From Lab to Field Scale

The 4th International Conference on Coupled Processes in Fractured Geological Media: Observation, Modeling, and Application (CouFrac2024) will be in Kyoto, Japan, November 13-15, 2024. The conference will focus on new and exciting advances in all areas of coupled processes associated with fractured geological media, including numerical methods, in-situ tests, lab experiments, machine learning, and applications to different activities in the near-surface, subsurface, and critical zone.

Send your abstract for session 4 "Coupled Processes in CO2 and H2 Storage: From Lab to Field Scale" (Convener: Roman Makhnenko, Victor Vilarrasa, Tomofumi Koyama) by March, 31st 2024.

More information

Women in geoscience

Embarking on a geoscientific odyssey unveils a profound tapestry of women whose brilliance resonates through the corridors of science. At the forefront stands Marie Curie, her legacy transcends physics and chemistry, profoundly shaping the geosciences. Her groundbreaking work on radioactivity illuminated paths in geochronology, pioneering a transformative understanding of Earth’s elements. Marie Curie’s radiance illuminated pathways making her the first person ever to win the Nobel Prize twice. She is the only woman to win it twice and the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two scientific fields.

Transitioning through time, women in geosciences have left an indelible mark on our comprehension of Earth. Inge Lehmann, a pioneering Danish seismologist, revolutionized our understanding by uncovering Earth’s inner core, reshaping our geological perceptions. Rachel Carson, an esteemed environmental advocate and marine biologist, emphasized the intricate interconnectedness of Earth’s ecosystems, guiding the trajectory of modern environmental science.


Marie Tharp emerges as a luminary from the oceanographic realm, her meticulous mapping alongside Bruce Heezen challenging prevailing theories. Tharp’s detailed cartography revealed the dynamic nature of Earth’s crust and interconnected oceanic features, laying the groundwork for modern marine geology. Her legacy serves as a guiding light, inspiring subsequent generations to unravel Earth’s mysteries.


Contemporary figures like Kathryn Sullivan exemplify the interdisciplinary nature of geosciences. As the first American woman to spacewalk, Sullivan’s achievements reflect the convergence of geosciences with space exploration, expanding our understanding of Earth’s interconnected systems.


This brief historical perspective is a tribute to the resilience and brilliance of women in geosciences, showcasing their enduring contributions to our understanding of the Earth. From groundbreaking work to contemporary pioneers reshaping the field, women have consistently demonstrated their prowess in unraveling the mysteries of the Earth. Their legacy reminds us of the importance of curiosity, precision, and the unyielding pursuit of knowledge.


As we honor the path paved by these pioneering women, emphasizing contributions over disparities, we celebrate our members Alba Zappone, Laura Blanco Martin, and Katja Schulze in SMILE. Their inspiration fuels our doctoral candidates— Prescelli Annan, Osmari Aponte, Tian Guo, Mateja Macut, Paula Olea, Maria Ramile—empowering them to carry forward the legacy of those who illuminated the path for aspiring scientists. The odyssey continues, enriched by the luminosity of these remarkable women.

Text by Osmari Aponte, SMILE doctoral candidate

Radio interview to Víctor Vilarrasa (SPANISH)

The researcher at IMEDEA (Institut Mediterrani d’Estudis Avançats), Víctor Vilarrasa, is interviewed on the radio program “Más de Uno Mallorca” on Onda Cero radio station about SMILE MSCA-DN.


Welcome to the captivating world of SMILE

Welcome to the captivating world of SMILE Project, where a vibrant tapestry of cultural diversity unfolds among a group of passionate individuals from every corner of the globe. These brilliant minds, driven by a shared commitment to doctoral research, come together to create a kaleidoscope of experiences and perspectives within the SMILE project. 🌍

Imagine stepping into the SMILE squad – a PhD dream team that resembles a cultural potluck, with each member contributing a unique dash of brilliance from their homeland. Our crew is not just about research; it’s a global fiesta of ideas, cultures, and a collective passion for making a profound difference. So, fasten your seatbelts because this journey is about to become a thrilling blend of serious fun and serious smarts! 🚀 #SMILEPhDAdventure

In this whirlwind adventure called SMILE, our dream team of PhD rockstars is reshaping the landscape of research. Beyond being a mere project, SMILE is a celebration of diversity, a testament to collaboration, and a showcase of unstoppable brilliance. 🎉🌟 #SMILEGlobalCrew #PhDAdventure #BreakingBoundaries

Idea, text and image by Paula Olea

Eleven students to help secure clean energy

  • A scientific gathering in Palma bolsters a training programme aimed at PhD students with a view to developing innovative solutions that improve the use of subsurface energy sources
  • Eleven projects will be implemented up to 2027 with advice and support from researchers and businesses around Europe.

Palma hosted the first meeting of the SMILE MSCA-DN European doctoral network on geo-energies between 27th November and 1st December, comprising 15 scientists from research centres, universities, sector businesses and eleven international PhD students. The meeting was led by a team of scientists from the Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies (IMEDEA, CSIC-UIB) and kickstarted a training programme to help introduce innovations and improvements in using geo-energy technology—a challenge to consolidate renewable energy and reduce CO2 emissions on a global scale.

The gathering identified specific activities on the SMILE programme to train a new generation of young researchers over the next three years and enable them to develop the necessary skills and knowledge to nurture independence in research endeavours. In turn, the programme aims to help find innovative and revolutionary solutions in the field of geo-energy. More specifically, the eleven students in the SMILE MSCA-DN network will have until 2027 to contribute to the successful deployment of low-emission subsurface energy sources whilst protecting groundwater and related ecosystems. Their tasks include working on subsurface fluid injection and extraction process modelling, applying rock characterisation techniques in the lab and monitoring land deformation by using data from highly instrumented pilot field tests. The young researchers will also get the chance to enhance their research career at the different institutions affiliated with the project.

‘SMILE is a unique opportunity for these eleven students since it provides relevant training for a future career and personal development, whilst also playing an active role in combatting climate change. In short, it means their achievements may contribute to the safe use of geological resources to face up to one of the biggest challenges in today’s society: attaining zero emissions’, explains Víctor Vilarrasa, coordinator of the SMILE doctoral network and senior scientist at IMEDEA.

Geo-energy techniques such as geothermal energy, carbon capture and underground energy storage have the potential to cut total CO2 emissions into the atmosphere by 25%. This would contribute to attaining the targets set out in the Paris Climate Accords. These energies already exist, albeit on a small scale: geothermal energy only represents 0.5% of installed power globally, whilst 40 million tonnes of CO2 are stored underground per year. Nevertheless, it is not certain how the subsurface will react as technology gets scaled up. Indeed, geothermal energy is forecast to supply 5% of total energy and carbon capture is set to store around 8 billion tonnes of CO2 per year towards the middle of this century.

A benchmark European programme for doctoral and post-doc training

The SMILE MSCA-DN network is part of the prestigious Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions funded by the EU’s Horizon Europe (2021-2027) programme to support research excellence and innovation. It aims to develop innovative solutions applied to geo-energy through training a new generation of young researchers for the successful deployment of low-emission subsurface energy sources, whilst protecting groundwater and related ecosystems. By incorporating different disciplines (hydrogeology, geomechanics, geochemistry, geology, remote sensing and virtual reality) in close collaboration between members, the project has the potential to produce innovations that speed up the deployment of large-scale geo-energy techniques.

The SMILE acronym is inspired by research methods involving a multidiSciplinary and MultI-scale approach to assess coupLed processes induced by geo-Energies.